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Jadua Jewelry

Origin & History of Jadua Jewelry

The Jadua method is one of the oldest techniques of jewelry-making and has a fascinating history behind it. Dawning Jadua jewelry is a reminder of the rich cultural heritage in India. Jadau derives its name from the colloquial term ‘jad’; which means to embed, and is commonly used in kundanpolki and meenakari jewelry.

It requires a skilled and unique craftsmanship, making it a very compelling art form. The traditional method of Jadua jewelry is made without any intervention of technology, which is time consuming to create and makes it extremely valuable as Its purely hand made.

The Mughals introduced it to India, and then was perfected by the Indian artisans of Rajasthan, specifically Bikaner. Even today it is acknowledged that the Jadau work from Bikaner is exceptional, and the city boasts of a strength of fifteen thousand skilled Jadau artisans. Over time this tradition has spread to other cities such as Jaipur, Gujarat, and Ahmedabad. Today Rajasthan and Gujarat are the most well-known hubs for Jadau work. Though as its popularity has grown its artisans can be found in many places.

Jadau was worn by the royalty and the Mughals, and this craft was patronized by a lot of Maharajas and Maharanis in Rajasthan. It has become immensely popular amongst the present generation. A lot of credit for the popularity goes to Bollywood movies in which female protagonists are seen wearing Jadau jewelry.

How Jadua Jewelry is made

Many people are confused whether jadau to be a type of stone or jewelry, but it is a traditional technique to create kundan or polki. While Kundan and Polki are stones, Jadau is a technique used to create jewelry. ‘Jad’ meaning to be embedded and that is the technique used by artisans who craft this style of jewelry.  Jadua jewelry is essentially a technique wherein precious gemstones such as uncut diamonds, pearls, emeralds and rubies are embedded into gold. The gold is turned into a frame on which precious stones are studded without the use of any adhesive.

The process of creating Jadau work is complicated and involves a group of craftsmen dedicated to their artisanship as the jewelry takes a long time to make – setting just four to five stones can take a entire day. Each craftsman has a specific task enhancing the beauty of this intricate artwork. The primary design of the ornament is made by the chiterias. Then gold is melted just enough to make it pliable, for making holes and engraving. Once it becomes that way, the stones are set on it. Care and finesse are required to do this job precisely. Once the gold cools down, the gemstones adhere to it without any help, this is done by the ghaarias. Finishing touches of enameling to decorate the back of the ornamental jewelry with Meenakari is done by a Meenakar.

It’s a intricate process requiring utmost care and finesse. While a smaller pieces can be finished in a couple of days, an elaborate piece can take up to a few months to be ready. A single piece of jewelry can take a group of about 15000 artisans to produce.

This makes it one of the most expensive forms of jewelry.

Jadua Jewelry Style

Each Jadau jewelry piece has a name such as ‘Tewata’ or ‘Timaniya’ (Necklace) ‘Bangari’, ‘Gajre’, different type of ‘Kare’ which are used by both males and females. The Peacock-inspired designs are also from Jadau traditional motifs.

There is a growing market for Jadau jewelry. This is because artisan have started styling contemporary pieces to cater to the young generation’s preferences. The traditional Jadau jewelry pieces were colossal statements. These days one can find a piece to cater to one’s personal taste and preference of traditional, contemporary or blend of both. Often serious jadua jewelry lovers commission custom designed pieces.

Jadua Jewelry in Fashion

It is worn particularly during auspicious occasions and events like marriages. Jadau’s opulent style has captivated Indian ethnic ramp shows in recent times. It has occupied Bollywood and seen worn by divas such as Deepika Padukone, Kareena Kapoor, Sonam Kapoor, Diya Mirza.  Jadua’s luxurious legacy is not limited to Indian shores and seen donned by Hollywood celebrities such as Jennifer Lopez and Heather Graham. Jadua jewelry accompanied with western gowns showing the lasting popularity and versatility of this craft. Jadua style jewelry is a must have at least one piece among your collection for all fashionistas.

Price & Evaluation of Jadua Jewelry

Considering the amount of work and time that goes into making this type of jewelry, it is no surprise that Jadau work is pricey. The value of a Jadau piece depends on many things. A major factor to consider is the weight and the purity of the gold being used. As well as the stones being used. Then the art and of course, the composition of the piece.

Jadua jewelry Care

It’s very delicate and needs to be handled with utmost care. Since Jadau Jewelry is encrusted heavily with precious stones, it is essential to wear it carefully. Avoid scratching it against any material as it could pull out the stones. Each time after wearing Jadau Jewelry, clean the piece with a cloth before storing it. Store piece in a neatly wrapped padded cloth or cotton and placed in dedicate box for each Jadau Jewelry item. Keep box closed to minimize any kind of exposure to moisture and other pollutants.

Lastly, the best moment to wear Jadau Jewelry is after completing hair and makeup.

Perfumes or any kind of sprays may affect the enameling of the stone and could dull the shine or potentially corrode the jewelry.

Buying Jadua jewelry with Rayna Boutique

Request our Jadua jewelry catalog

Shop our Jadua jewelry styles online

Talk to us about custom Jadua jewelry design





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